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Integrated rural development programs UPSC | Regional Development and Planning | Geography of India

Integrated Rural Development Program launched in 1978 during the fifth five-year plan, but implementation started only after 1980 due to stoppage of the fifth five-year plan in 1978 and two rolling plans were implemented from 1978 to 1980. 

It is a centrally sponsored scheme with a 50: 50 share between center and state.


  • Employment opportunities for poor
  • Enhancing living standard through enhancing skill
  • Elimination of Rural Poverty


  • Providing Subsidies as well as loans to the below poverty line public for self-employment. Provision of advanced credit from institutions like commercial banks, cooperative banks, and regional rural banks. 

The following are beneficiaries;

  • Labour
  • Small and Marginal Former
  • Scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, the backward class having less than 11,000 annual
  • For Rural cottage employer
  • 40 % of women beneficiary
  • 3 % Handicap

Targeted areas:

The following are seven target areas:

  • Tribal Areas of Madhya Pradesh and Orissa
  • Agriculturally developed areas of Punjab, Haryana, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Agriculturally less developed areas of Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra
  • Hilly areas of Jammu and Kashmir, West Bengal, and Tamil Nadu
  • Desert Areas of Rajasthan
  • Areas having well administrative of Gujarat, Kerala, and Karnataka
  • Areas having poor administration of Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

Evaluation of Integrated rural development program:

  • Ministry of Rural development recommended setting up District Rural Development Agency ( DRDA) for planning. But no uniform pattern was followed regarding setting up.
  • No resource survey of local areas leads to poor planning
  • No prerequisite training for dealing officer leads to poor implementation
  • Some states were not willing to share the burden of 50 % load
  • The inadequate infrastructure of credit, basic amenities in areas for proving the benefits
  • No, follow up for maintenance of the asset
For a detailed explanation, watch the below video:

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