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Terrorism and corruption hinder the internal security of any Nation. Critically examine. । UPPSC General Studies-III Mains Solutions 2021


Terrorism and corruption hinder the internal security of any Nation. Critically examine.

( UPPSC, UP PCS Mains General Studies-III/GS-3 2021)


Internal security is a crucial aspect of the overall security of any country including India. Internal security is crucial for maintaining law and order and countering various threats such as terrorism, corruption, insurgency, and communal tensions in the country. Overall, it is very important for the sustainable and inclusive growth of the country.

The Ministry of home affairs is overall responsible for keeping internal security in India.

Terrorism and corruption pose significant challenges to the internal security of any nation, let us examine them one by one -


Terrorism has the potential to cause violence, loss of life, and disruption to harmony in society. India faces challenges of terrorism from both domestic and cross-border sources. Terrorist organizations such as Laskar-e-Taiba (Let), Jaish-e-Mohammed (Jem), and various other terrorist groups, have carried out attacks in different parts of the country, which has negatively impacted our internal security.

Here are some negative things about terrorism-

Loss of life and infrastructure; Terrorist attacks cause loss of innocent lives and damage to infrastructure.

Disturbance in social harmony; Terrorist attacks create fear and insecurity in society and disturb communal harmony in the society. That makes it difficult for administration and governance.

Disturbance in the business-friendly environment; Terrorist attacks create a negative business environment that has adverse effects on the economy. It reduces foreign investment, the tourist sector hamper badly ( Jammu and Kashmir is a true example), and increases the overall security expenditure.


Corruption in the public and private sectors poses significant challenges to internal security. The following ways corruption poses a significant threat to internal security-

It weakens institutions; Corruption undermines the integrity and effectiveness of public institutions like judicial, bureaucracy, police, and other law enforcement agencies. As a result, public trust in these institutions gets weakened, and not able to uphold the rule of law and maintain internal security.

Increase social inequality and social injustice; Corruption favors riches and powerful communities and discriminates the marginalized communities, which leads to increased social injustice and social inequality, which leads to social discontent and potential unrest.

Hinders investment; Corruption leads to misallocation of resources, hampering economic growth, this leads to social unrest and impacts internal security.

Terrorism financing; Corruption practices can provide funding and logistics support to terrorist organizations, and undermine internal security.

Erosion of ethical values; Corruption promotes a culture of dishonesty and moral decay. This may lead to social unrest and challenges in internal security.


Some key measures needed for the prevention of terrorism and corruption in the country include-

Strengthening law enforcement; Strengthening law enforcement help in effectively countering terrorism and corruption.

International Cooperation; Enhancing intelligence-sharing and cooperation between nations to counter terrorism and prevent corruption as they are global problems.

Transparency and Accountability; Transparency, accountability, and robust anti-corruption measures prevent corruption and terrorism activities, which strengthen internal security.

Social-economic development; Addressing socio-economic disparities, the need to provide quality education, healthcare, and employment opportunities to marginalized communities, may help to establish internal security.

In conclusion, terrorism and corruption are two challenging threats to internal security, and it is an international problem. Combating terrorism and corruption requires a comprehensive approach like strengthening law enforcement, promoting transparency and accountability, and social-economic development. 

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