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What is the national policy in India related to artificial intelligence? Explain in detail. । UPPSC General Studies-III Mains Solutions 2021


What is the national policy in India related to artificial intelligence? Explain in detail.

( UPPSC, UP PCS Mains General Studies-III/GS-3 2021)


Artificial Intelligence is the new emerging and critical technology in which through advanced algorithms and data feeding, we are able to make intelligent machines or computers, which can perform those tasks that are traditionally performed by humans. These tasks require certain intelligence in execution. With intelligent machines enable high-level cognitive processes like thinking, perceiving, learning, problem-solving, and decision-making.  Example of an artificial intelligent machine-ChatGPT. 

The government of India has recognized the importance of artificial intelligence (AI) in driving economic growth and development in the union budget 2018-19. NITI Aayog has formulated a national artificial intelligence (AI) strategy to harness its potential. The strategic document is based on the unique brand of #AIforAll-Technology Leadership for Inclusive Growth. 

National Policy in India related to artificial intelligence has decided to focus on five sectors namely - Healthcare, Agriculture, education, smart cities, and smart mobility and transportation. 

The national policy in artificial intelligence (AI) is also based on five key pillars. These pillars are

Building the National Artificial Intelligence (AI) Ecosystem; The policy aims to create an AI ecosystem in India, focusing on research and development, talent development, and infrastructure creation.

Adopt Artificial Intelligence (AI) for social inclusion; The policy emphasizes the need to use AI for social welfare, particularly in areas such as healthcare, agriculture, and education. A national program on Artificial Intelligence (AI) for youth has been launched to promote Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based solutions for social development.

Apply Artificial Intelligence (AI) for public services; The policy aims to enhance the quality and efficiency of public services by implementing AL-based solutions in various domains, like e-governance, transportation, and public safety.

Economic growth through Artificial Intelligence (AI); The government has launched the Artificial Intelligence (AI) for All program to promote the adoption of AI-based solutions by small and medium enterprises.

For building a robust data system; The policy emphasizes the need to develop a strong data ecosystem to support Artificial Intelligence (AI) development and implementation. This includes measures to enhance data privacy and security, promote data sharing, and build data infrastructure.

 In conclusion, the National Artificial Intelligence (AI) Strategy of India aims to leverage Artificial Intelligence (AI) to drive economic growth, social welfare, and public service delivery. The policy recognizes the importance of building a robust Artificial Intelligence (AI) ecosystem and data infrastructure to support AI development and deployment.

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