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Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains? | Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?

( Chapter 7: Our Country – India, Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


Northern plains are the most densely populated region of not only in India but also in the world because of favorable conditions of a combination of historical, geographical, and environmental factors. 

The following are some geographical and environmental reasons for the large number of people living in the northern plains-

Fertile Soil: 

The Northern Plains, formed by the rivers like the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, and their tributaries, have some of the most fertile soil in India. 

This fertile soil supports agriculture and allows for the cultivation of a wide variety of crops. As a result, it has been a historically attractive region for settlement and farming.

The abundance of water:

Northern plains are fed by many perennial rivers like the Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra that provide reliable sources of water for irrigation, transportation, and potable water.

The presence of major rivers in the Northern Plains ensures a regular and abundant water supply for irrigation, which is crucial for agriculture. The availability of water from these rivers makes it easier for farmers to cultivate multiple crops throughout the year.

Transportation and Trade: 

The flat terrain of the plains makes transportation and infrastructure development relatively easier compared to hilly or mountainous regions. This has led to the development of a well-connected network of roads, railways, and waterways, facilitating trade and commerce.

Pleasant Climate: 

The Northern Plains generally have a moderate climate, which is favorable for agriculture and human habitation. It is not too hot in the summer or too cold in the winter, making it comfortable for people to live and work in this region.

Historical factors:

Many major cities and cultural centers of India, including Delhi, Kolkata, and Lucknow, are located in the Northern Plains. These cities have a rich historical and cultural heritage, attracting people to settle in these areas.


From the above, we can say, a large number of people live in the Northern plains because of the combination of various factors like fertile soil, water availability, flat terrain, and favorable climate.

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