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Why does the torrid zone receive the maximum amount of heat? | Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


Why does the torrid zone receive the maximum amount of heat?

( Chapter 2: Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes, Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


The torrid zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer ( 23.5 degrees north latitude) and the Tropic of Capricorn ( 23.5 degrees south latitude).

The torrid zone, also known as the tropical zone, receives the maximum amount of heat primarily due to its geographical location near the equator and its orientation relative to the Sun. 

Here are reasons for receiving the maximum amount of heat in the torrid zone:

Direct Sunlight: The torrid zone is located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, near the equator. Throughout the year, the Sun is nearly overhead at some point within this zone. This means that sunlight reaches the Earth's surface almost vertically, providing maximum solar energy.

Narrow Tilt Angle: The Earth's axis is tilted at an angle of approximately 23.5 degrees. The torrid zone is close to the equator, where this tilt has the least effect. As a result, the angle at which sunlight strikes the torrid zone remains consistently steep, leading to higher temperatures.

Less Atmospheric Absorption: Due to the bulging of the earth at the equator and narrow tilt angle at the torrid zone, sunlight has to pass through less of the Earth's atmosphere in the torrid zone compared to regions at higher latitudes. The shorter path through the atmosphere reduces the amount of heat absorption and scattering, allowing more solar energy to reach the surface.

Constant Heat: Unlike temperate and polar zones, which experience significant seasonal variations in sunlight and temperature, the torrid zone receives fairly consistent, intense heat throughout the year due to its proximity to the equator.

These factors combine to make the torrid zone the region that receives the maximum amount of heat on Earth, resulting in its characteristic hot and tropical climate.

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