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What are the three components of a map? | Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


What are the three components of a map?

( Chapter 4: Maps, Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


The map is a two-dimensional picture drawn on a flat surface through the scale of the Earth or one part of it and is drawn according to the scale.

There are three components of a map namely distance ( scale), direction, and symbol.

Distance component of the map:

On the map, we draw the entire world or part of it on a sheet of paper. We use a scaling-down approach to draw the map.

The scale indicates the ratio between the distances on the map and the actual distances on the Earth's surface. It helps users understand the size and relative distances of features on the map.

The distance between places on the map is reduced carefully so that it reflects the actual distance on the ground. For example, we use 1000 km on the actual earth's surface= 1 cm on the map.

Direction component of the map: 

There are four central directions namely north, south, east, and west; these four directions are called cardinal points.

Symbol component of the map:

The symbol is the third component of the map. As it is impossible to draw the actual shape and size of different things like buildings, roads, and bridges on the map, therefore we use symbols. It helps users interpret the map's features. 

For example, we use the triangle to show a mountain peak; we use a "wave curve" to show a mountain range.

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