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Give reasons, why the rainforests are depleting? | Class 7 NCERT - Our Environment ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


Give reasons, why the rainforests are depleting?

( Chapter 8: Human-Environment Interactions The Tropical and the Subtropical Region, Class 7- Our Environment ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


The rainforest is a dense forest ecosystem that is found mainly in high-rainfall regions, typically found near the equator in regions like the Amazon in South America and the Congo Basin in Africa. These ecosystems play a vital role in maintaining Earth's climate and housing a wide variety of plant and animal species. Rainforests are depleting at a very fast rate. 

The following are some prominent reasons for the depletion of rainforests.


One of the primary reasons for rainforest depletion is deforestation. This includes the cutting down of trees for various purposes such as agriculture (slash-and-burn farming or Jhum Farming), timber extraction, and infrastructure development. The cleared land is often used for cattle ranching, soybean cultivation, palm oil plantations, and other agricultural activities.

Agricultural Expansion: 

The demand for food has been increasing due to growing populations has led to the expansion of agriculture into rainforest areas. Large-scale farming, especially for crops like soybeans, palm oil, and cattle ranching, has resulted in extensive forest clearing.

Infrastructure Development: 

Building roads, highways, and other infrastructure projects in rainforest regions open up previously inaccessible areas for timber extraction, mining, and settlement, further contributing to deforestation.

Dams, hydroelectric projects, and other infrastructure developments flood rainforest areas, leading to habitat loss and fragmentation.


Mining operations, including those for minerals, oil, and gas, have devastating impacts on rainforests. They often involve clearing large areas of forest and disrupting fragile ecosystems.

Climate Change: 

Climate change is exacerbating rainforest depletion. Rising temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and increased frequency of extreme weather events can stress and disrupt rainforest ecosystems.

Population Growth:

The growth of human populations in and around rainforests puts additional pressure on these ecosystems, leading to land conversion and resource extraction.

Rainforests are vital for biodiversity, carbon sequestration, climate regulation, and the livelihoods of local communities. Therefore, conservation is needed for rainforests. 

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