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In which climatic conditions are citrus fruits cultivated? | Class 7 NCERT - Our Environment ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


In which climatic conditions are citrus fruits cultivated?

( Chapter 6: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife, Class 7- Our Environment ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


Examples of Citrus fruits are oranges, lemons, and grapefruits. These citrus fruits are mostly cultivated in the Mediterranean climate. 

The Mediterranean climate is ideal for citrus fruits as the cold season is light and humid, and the summer season is usually warm and dry.

The Mediterranean climate is usually found around the Mediterranean Sea and in southern California, parts of Australia, and countries such as Spain, Italy, and Greece.

Mediterranean climates provide suitable climate conditions for citrus fruits for several reasons. 

Some of the important suitable reasons are as follows:


Mediterranean climates have mild and wet winters and warm and dry summers. Citrus trees are sensitive to frost, and the absence of harsh winter temperatures in these regions makes them suitable to produce fruit year-round.


Citrus trees require a lot of sunlight to grow and produce sweet, juicy fruit. Mediterranean regions receive ample sunshine throughout the year, which is ideal for citrus cultivation.


While Mediterranean climates have dry summers, they typically receive sufficient rainfall during the mild, wet winter months. This seasonal rainfall pattern aligns well with the needs of citrus trees, which require more water during their growing season.

Well-Drained Soil: 

Mediterranean regions often have well-drained, sandy, or loamy soils that are suitable for citrus cultivation. Good drainage is essential for citrus trees as waterlogging harms citrus fruit roots.

Mediterranean Agriculture Tradition: 

The long history of agriculture in Mediterranean regions has led to the development of citrus cultivation expertise and infrastructure, making it easier for farmers to grow these fruits successfully.

Overall, the combination of climate, sunlight, and soil conditions in Mediterranean regions makes them ideal for citrus fruit cultivation, leading to high-quality citrus production in these areas.

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