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What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?| Class 7 NCERT - Our Environment ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?

( Chapter 9: Life in the Deserts, Class 7- Our Environment ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


The Ladakh region is often referred to as a high-altitude cold desert. It is extremely cold and dry due to its high elevation and geographical location. 

The following are some key features of the climatic conditions in Ladakh:

High Altitude: 

Ladakh is located in the northernmost part of India and is situated at high altitudes, with its average elevation ranging from 2,500 meters (8,200 feet) to over 5,000 meters (16,400 feet) above sea level. The altitude of Kargil is about 3000 meters whereas the altitude of Karakoram range is more than 8000 meters.


Ladakh is often called a cold desert because of its arid and cold climate. Winters are long and extremely cold, with temperatures dropping well below freezing, and snowfall is common.

Low Precipitation: 

Ladakh is a rain shadow region, meaning it receives very little precipitation due to the Himalayan mountains blocking the moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean. Annual precipitation is quite low, it is happens in the form of snowfall.

Extreme Temperature Variation: 

Ladakh experiences significant temperature variations between day and night. Summers can be pleasantly warm during the day, with temperatures reaching above 30°C, but nights are cool or cold. In winter, temperatures can low to as low as -30°C (-22°F) or even lower.

Short Growing Season: 

Due to the harsh climate, Ladakh has a short growing season. Local agriculture relies on glacial meltwater for irrigation, allowing crops like barley, wheat, and vegetables to be cultivated during the summer months.

Clear Skies: 

The region is known for its clear blue skies, making it an ideal location for stargazing and astronomy. The thin, dry air at high altitudes offers excellent visibility.

Lakes and Glaciers:

Ladakh is home to several high-altitude lakes and glaciers, which are an important source of freshwater for the region.

The unique climatic conditions of Ladakh make it a challenging environment for both residents and visitors, but its stark and rugged beauty, as well as its cultural richness, make it a popular destination for those seeking adventure and natural beauty.

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