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UPPSC Geography Environment Prelims PYQ [ 2013-2014]

 1. The group of stars arranged in a definite pattern is called: ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Milky way

b) Constellation

c) Andromeda

d) Solar system

Answer. B;

Great Hunter, Leo the lion, and Taurus the Bull are important Constellations.

2. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists. ( UPPSC 2013)

        List-I                                        List-II

 (Biosphere Reserve)                   (Location)

A. Nokrek                                 1. Kerala

B. Manas                                   2. Assam

C. Dehang Debang                   3. Meghalaya

D. Agasthyamalai                      4. Arunachal Pradesh


          A    B    C    D

a)        2    3    1    4

b)       3    2    4    1

c)       4    1    3    2

d)       1    4    2    3

Answer: b;

Agasthmalai is the southernmost and Dehang Debang is the easternmost biosphere reserve of India.

3. Which of the following is an important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Biosphere Reserve

b) Botanical Gardens

c) National Parks

d) Wildlife Sanctuaries

Answer. a;

The biosphere reserve is the most comprehensive method for the conservation of flora, fauna, and the local population. It has three parts Core, buffer, and Transition zones.

5. Which of the following groups of gases contributes to the "Green House Effect"? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Ammonia and Ozone

b) Carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide

c) Carbon tetrafluoride and Nitrous oxide

d) Carbon dioxide and Methane

Answer. d;

6. Which of the following is the most stable ecosystem? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Desert

b) Mountain

c) Ocean

d) Forest

Answer. c. Ocean

7. Endangered species are listed in ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Dead Stock Book

b) Red Data Book

c) Live Stock Book

d) None of the above

Answer. b;

IUCN-International Union for Conservation of Nature

Founded in 1948.

8. Climate change is caused by  ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Green House gases

b) Depletion of ozone layers

c) Pollution

d) All

Answer. d. All.

9. Which one of the following substances does not contribute to global warming? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Oxides of Sulphur and Nitrogen

b) Methane

c) Carbon Dioxide

d) Water Vapour

Answer. a. Oxides of Sulphur and Nitrogen are global cooling gases.

10. Which of the following is the correct definition of "Agenda 21"? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) It is an action plan of the U.N.O. for protecting human rights.

b) It is a book with 21 chapters on nuclear disarmament.

c) It is an action for the conservation of the global environment in the 21st century.

d) It is an agenda for the election of the president in the next meeting of SAARC.

Answer. c;

Agenda 21 is the non-binding action plan of the United Nations in 1992 for sustainable development.

Earth summit.

11. Which one of the following air pollutants can affect the bloodstream leading to death. ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Asbestos dust

b) Cadmium 

c) Lead

d) Carbon Monoxide

Answer. d

Hemoglobin oxygen-carrying capacity decreases, resulting in death.

12. Which one of the following is a bio-indicator of air pollution? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Fern

b) Lichen

c) Money Plant

d) Dodder

Answer. b. Lichen;

Lichen is sensitive to sulfur dioxide. Lichen takes most of the nutrients from the air instead of from the soil, the accumulation of different pollutants in the lichen indicates the level of pollution in the air.

13. Acid rain is due to air pollution ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Carbon dioxide

b) Carbon monoxide

c) Methane

d) Nitrous oxide and Sulfur dioxide

Answer. d.

14. Photosynthesis using an invisible part of the sunlight is done by some. ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Trees

b) Algae

c) Bacteria

d) Fungi

Answer. c. Bacteria can utilize the invisible part of the light which is the infrared part.

15. The National Institute of Mentally Handicapped is situated at: ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Hyderabad

b) New Delhi

c) Kolkata

d) Chennai

Answer. A;

16. Which of the following rivers does not originate in India? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) Satluj

b) Ravi

c) Chenab

d) Beas

Answer. A

17. Japan is nearly self-sufficient in ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Bauxite

b) Iron ore

c) Copper

d) Mineral oil

Answer. c.

Japan is nearly self-sufficient in Copper.

18. Radcliffe line defines the boundary between ( UPPSC 2014)

a) North Korea and South Korea

b) the U.S.A. and Canada

c) India and Pakistan

d) India and China

Answer. c.

19. Which one of the following is the most urbanized country in South Asia? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) India

b) Bhutan

c) Sri Lanka

d) Pakistan

Answer. b.

Bhutan(42.3%) > Maldives(40.7% ) > Bangladesh (38.2 %) > Pakistan(37.2 %) > India(34.9 %)> Nepal (20.6 %) > Sri Lanka( 18.7 %)

20. Which of the following States had the highest sex ratio in 2011? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Tamil Nadu

b) Andhra Pradesh

c) Karnataka

d) Odisha

Answer. a. 

Tamil Nadu(996)

Andhra Pradesh(993)

Odisha( 979)


India( 940)


21. What is the correct sequence of the States in descending order in the production of sugarcane in 2013? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Karnataka, Maharashtra, Haryana, U.P.

b) U.P., Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana

c) Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra,

d) U.P., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Haryana

Answer. b.

UP> Maharashtra > Karnataka > TN > Bihar

22. Which district in Uttar Pradesh has the highest density of population according to the 2011 Census? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Varanasi

b) Lucknow

c) Ghaziabad

d) Kanpur Nagar

Answer. c. Ghaziabad.

Population density-wise district;

Ghaziabad (1995) > Varanasi (1954) > Lucknow (1456) 

Population-wise districts:

Allahabad > Moradabad > Ghaziabad > Azamgarh > Lucknow 

23. National Water Way - 1 connects ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Allahabad – Haldia

b) Sadia - Dhubri

c) Kollam - Kottapuram

d) Kakinada – Puducherry

Answer. a. 

NW-1: Allahabad-Haldia

NW-2: Sadia-Dhubri( Brahmaputra River)

NW-3: Kollam to Kottapuram ( Kerala)

NW-4: Kakinada-Puducherry( Andhra-Godavari)

24. Match List - I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below: ( UPPSC 2014)

           List - I         List - II

A. Willy-Willy. 1. the U.S.A.

B. Hurricanes 2. Australia

C. Typhoons         3. Philippines

D. Baguio         4. China


    A B C D

a) 1 2 3 4

b) 2 1 4 3

c) 1 2 4 3

d) 2 1 3 4

Answer. b.

25. Which one of the following countries is known for very important uranium ore deposits? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Canada

b) China

c) Pakistan

d) Zaire

Answer. a. 

In Uranium production( 2020) ;

Kazakhastan > Australia > Namibia > Canada

26. Which of the following temperate grasslands are found in Eurasia? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Downs

b) Velds

c) Steppes

d) Prairies

Answer. c. Steppes.

Steppes temperate grasslands are found in Eurasia.

27. The rivers of South India mainly have which of the following drainage patterns? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Radial

b) Intermittent

c) Dendritic

d) Trellis

Answer. a; Radial

Radial: All directions from central high.

28. As per the Census of India (2011) which of the following States has the lowest percentage share of the child population in rural areas? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Jammu & Kashmir

b) Kerala

c) Punjab

d) Haryana

Answer. d) Haryana

India's child sex ratio(0-6 yr): 927.

29. The 'Nalanda Project' is a program of which of the following ministries? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Ministry of Culture

b) Ministry of Human Resource Development

c) Ministry of Minority Affairs

d) Ministry of External Affairs

Answer. c. Ministry of Minority Affairs.

For minorities higher education institutes.

30. 'Green Index' has been developed by ( UPPSC 2014)

a) United Nations Environment Programme

b) International Monetary Fund (IMF)

c) World Bank

d) None of the above

Answer. a. United Nations Environment Programme.

The Green Index assesses the environmental performance of the Micro Finance Institution.

31. Match List - I with List II and select the correct answer from the codes given below: ( UPPSC 2014)

        List - I                                List - II

A. Growth in Food Production 1. Green Revolution

B. Milk Production                         2. Blue Revolution

C. Fisheries                                 3. White Revolution

D. Fertilizers                                 4. Grey Revolution


    A B C D

a) 1 3 2 4

b) 3 1 4 2

c) 2 4 3 1

d) 3 2 4 1

Answer. a.

32. Which one of the following minerals is not found in Uttar Pradesh? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Limestone

b) Mica

c) Bauxite

d) Gypsum

Answer. b. 

Mica mineral is not found in Uttar Pradesh.

33. How many agreements are there in Agenda 21? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) 4

b) 5

c) 6

d) 7

Answer. a.


40 Chapter

4 categories or agreements:

Social and economic dimension

Conservation and management of resources

Strengthening the role of major groups

Mean of implementation

34. Which one of the following is correctly matched? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary: Unnao

b) Okhla Wildlife Sanctuary: Lalitpur

c) Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary: Hardoi

d) Mahavir Swami Wildlife Sanctuary: Basti

Answer. c.

Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary: Hardoi

Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary: Sant Kabir Nagar

Okhla WS: Gautam Buddha Nagar.

Mahavir Swami Wildlife Sanctuary: Lalitpur

35. Which one of the following is not correctly matched? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Golden Langur: Endangered

b) Desert Cat: Endangered

c) Hoolock Gibbon: Endangered

d) Asiatic Wild Dog: Vulnerable

Answer. d.

Asiatic Wild Dogs or dhole is an endangered species.

36. Which one of the following is not responsible for the extinction of a species? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Broad niche

b) Large body size

c) Narrow niche

d) Lack of genetic variability

Answer. a. 

Broad niche enables species to resilience against any changes and it is not responsible for the extinction of a species.

37. The 'ABC Index' announced by the government of India is related to ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Agriculture

b) Communication

c) Health

d) Education

Answer. c.

ABC: Achievement of Babies and Children Index.

38. In which of the following years was passed the Environment Protection Act? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) 1982

b) 1986

c) 1990

d) 1994

Answer. b.

It was passed in 1972 and revised in 1986.

39. Which is the bio-diversity-rich place in India? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Western Ghat

b) Eastern Ghat

c) the Thar Desert

d) the Bay of Bengal

Answer. a. Western Ghats

40. To maintain ecological balance, the area under forest should be. ( UPPSC 2014)

a) 10%

b) 23%

c) 33%

d) 53%

Answer. c. 33 % area under forest should be to maintain ecological balance.

41. Air pressure is lowest in ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Winter season

b) Spring season

c) Autumn season

d) Summer season

Answer. d.  

Air pressure is lowest in the summer season.

42. The number of agro-climate zones in Uttar Pradesh is ( UPPSC 2014)

a) 5

b) 7

c) 9

d) 11

Answer. c. 9

43. World Ozone Day is celebrated on ( UPPSC 2014)

a) September,16

b) April,21

c) December, 25

d) January, 30

Answer. a. September 16, 1994.

44. 'Green Mufler' is related to ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Soil pollution

b) Air pollution

c) Noise pollution

d) Water pollution

Answer. c. Noise pollution.

The green muffler is related to reducing noise pollution.

45. Which one of the following is the largest ecosystem in the world? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Ocean

b) Grassland

c) Forest

d) Mountains

Answer. a. Ocean.

 The ocean is the largest ecosystem in the world.

46. Methane gas-producing field is ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Wheatfield

b) Paddy field

c) Cottonfield

d) Groundnut field

Answer. b. Paddy field.

47. 'NEERI' is located at ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Nagpur

b) Mumbai

c) Chennai

d) Bengaluru

Answer. a. Nagpur.

NEERI: National Environment Engineering Research Institute. 

48. Biotechnology Park is located at ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Lucknow

b) Varanasi

c) Agra

d) None of the above

Answer. a. Lucknow.

The First Biotechnology Park of UP is Lucknow.

49. Biodegradable pollutant is ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Mercury

b) Sewage

c) Plastic

d) Asbestos

Answer. b. Sewage.

50. The first National Park established in India is ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Namdapha National Park

b) Corbett National Park

c) Dudhwa National Park

d) Guinady National Park

Answer. b. Corbett National Parl.

It is located in Uttarakhand, established in 1936 as Hailey NP.

51. Which one of the following is not a secondary pollutant? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) PAN

b) Smog

c) Sulphur dioxide

d) Ozone

Answer. c. Sulfur dioxide.

Sulfur dioxide is the primary pollutant released from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, petrol, diesel, etc.

So2 creates secondary pollutants such as sulfate aerosols, acid rain, particulate matter, etc.

PAN( Peroxyacetyl Nitrate) is a secondary pollutant and it is generated by nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbon in the presence of sunlight.

Ozone is also a secondary pollutant and is generated by Nitrous oxide in the presence of sunlight.

52. Which one of the following is not correctly matched? ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Rajaji National Park: Elephant

b) Periyar National Park: Hangul

c) Manas National Park: Elephant

d) Dudhwa National Park: Tiger

Answer. b.

Periyar National Park is in Kerala and it is famous for Nilgai, Monkey, tiger, etc.

Hangul is also called Khasmir stag and it is a state animal of J & K and it is found in Dachigam NP.

Rajaji NP: Uttarakhand

Manas NP: Assam

53. Match List - I with List - II and select the correct answer from the codes given below: ( UPPSC 2014)

        List - I     List - II

        (Tribe)     (Region)

    A. Birhor 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

    B. Bhutiya 2. Tamil Nadu

    C. Toda 3. Sikkim

    D. Sentinelese 4. Jharkhand


    A B C D

a) 4 3 2 1

b) 2 4 1 3

c) 3 2 4 1

d) 4 1 3 2

Answer. a.

Birhor: Jharkhand

Bhutiya: Sikkim

Toda: Tamil Nadu

Sentinelese: Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

54. Assertion (A): The rivers of the West Coast of India do not form the delta.  ( UPPSC 2014)

Reason (R): They flow through short courses on relatively harder rocks.

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:


a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

b) Both (A) and (R) are correct but, (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

d) (A) is false, but (R) is correct.

Answer. a.

55. Match List - I with List II and choose the correct answer from the codes given below: ( UPPSC 2014)

                List - I                                 List - II

    (Park/Sanctuary)                                  (State)

A. Dochigam Wildlife Sanctuary         1. Madhya Pradesh

B. Keoladeo Ghana- Bird Sanctuary 2. Rajasthan

C. Kanha National Park                         3. Kerala

D. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary         4. Jammu and Kashmir


    A B C D

a) 4 2 1 3

b) 1 3 2 4

c) 2 1 4 3

d) 3 4 2 1

Answer. a.

56. The International Crop Research Institute for Semi-And Tropics (ICRISAT) is located at ( UPPSC 2014)

a) Kolkata

b) Patna

c) Bhubaneshwar

d) Hyderabad

Answer. d. Hyderabad.

57. Biodiversity means ( UPPSC 2014)

a) diverse kinds of plants and vegetation.

b) diverse kinds of animals.

c) diverse kinds of plants and animals in a particular area.

d) diverse kinds of exotic plants and animals.

Answer. c.

Biodiversity means diverse kinds of plants and animals in a particular area.

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