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Ganga Action Plan ( GAP) was started in which year?

 Ganga Action Plan ( GAP) was started in which year?

a) 1986

b) 2009

c) 2014

d) 2019

Answer. a) 1986

Ganga Action Plan ( GAP) was started in 1986 to make pollution-free. It is a centrally sectoral scheme ( 100 % central sponsored scheme).

Namami Ganga Programme was launched in 2014 with the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation, and rejuvenation of the National River Ganga.

About Ganga River:

The Ganga River is the longest in India. The length of the Ganga River is about 2525 km.

It is known as the Padma River in Bangladesh.

In 1986, the Ganga Action Plan was started.

In 2008, the Ganga River was declared the national river.

In 2014, the Namami Gange Project was started.

Ganga River passes through five states of India namely Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal. However, there are 10 states and one Union territory comes in the Ganga basin, they are Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, and West Bengal.

Gangetic Dolphine which is found in the Ganga River has been declared a national aquatic animal.

Bhagirathi ( Gangotri Glacier) and Alaknanada ( Satopati Glacier) joins at Devprayag. Since then, it is known as the Ganga River. 

Badrinath Temple is located near Satopati Glacier.

Five Holy Prayag on the Ganga River are:

Vishnuprayag: It is the confluence of Alaknanada and Dhauli Ganga.

Nandaprayag: It is the confluence ofAlaknanda and Nandakini.

Karnaprayag: It is the confluence of Alaknanda and Pindar

Rudraprayag: It is the confluence of mandakini and Alaknanada.

Devprayag: It is the confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda.

Tributaries of Ganga River:

Ram Ganga joins Ganga at Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh. Ram Ganga is the first tributary of Ganga.

Yamuna River joins the Ganga at Prayagraj. Chambal, Betwa ( Vindhya), and Ken River (Kaimur Hills) are the three major Yamuna River tributaries.

Gomati River ( origin: Pilbhit) joins the Ganga in Gazipur. Lucknow is located on the bank of the Gomati River. 

Ghaghara river joins Ganga at Chhapara, Bihar.

Son River joins Ganga in Patna.

Gandak River Joins Ganga at Sonpur, Bihar.

Kosi River joins the Ganga at Kursela.

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