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Who among the following annulled the partition of Bengal in 1911?

Who among the following annulled the partition of Bengal in 1911?

a) Lord Chelmsford

b) Lord Curzon

c) Lord Minto

d) Lord Harding

Answer. d) Lord Harding

Lord Harding annulled the partition of Bengal in 1911.

Key points on Partition of Bengal:

Lord Curzon then the Viceroy of India announced the Partition of Bengal on 16 October 1905. It was supposed to reduce administrative pressure as well as weaken the national movement ( to curb the national Bengali nationalism).  The west half of Bengal was Hindu majority and the East half of Bengal was Muslim majority.

Muslims supported the partition of Bengal whereas Indian National Congress opposed it.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale ( who was the political Guru of Mahatma Gandhi) presided the Indian National Congress Session of 1905 which was held in Varanasi. 

The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal was initiated by the Indian National Congress from Calcutta Town Hall.

Rabindranath Tagore composed the famous song "Amar Sonar Bangla", which later became the National Anthem of Bangladesh.

Hindus and Muslims symbolically tie Rakhis (threads) to each other. 

All India Muslim League was formed in Dhaka in 1906 to support Muslim interests. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was not a founder member of the Muslim League. 

Lord Hardinge II ( 1910 to 1916):

Lord Hardinge II cancelled the Bengal Partition in 1911.

He shifted his capital from Calcutta to New Delhi in 1912.

Delhi Durbar was organized in December 1911 by Lord Harding and British King George V and Queen Mary attended it. 

Ras Bihari Bose hurled a bomb on Lord Hardinge, he tried to assassinate but he could not. This was known as the Delhi Conspiracy case or Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy.

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