Search Post on this Blog

Who was referred to by Lord Mountbatten as the "One Man Frontier Army"?

Who was referred to by Lord Mountbatten as the "One Man Frontier Army"?

a) Abdul Ghaffar Khan

b) Mahatma Gandhi

c) Jawahar Lal Nehru

d) Subhash Chandra Bose

Answer. a) Abdul Ghaffar Khan was referred to as the "one-man frontier army" by Lord Mountbatten because he almost single-handedly led the independence movement in the north-western corners of India.

About Lord Mountbatten:

Lord Mountbatten was the last Viceroy ( governor-general ) of British India and the first governor-general ( Viceroy) of Free India. 

The Mountbatten Plan was the final plan for Indian independence which was introduced by Lord Mountbatten. This plan is also known as the "3rd June Plan" "Dickie Bird Plan", or "Plan Balkan".

India and Pakistan were divided based on the Mountbatten Plan.

About Abdul Ghaffar Khan:

Abdul Ghaffar Khan is also known as Frontier Gandhi or the one-man frontier army.

He was the founder of the Khudai Khidmatgar (literally Helpers in the name of God) in 1930. 

Red Shirt movement was started by Abdul Ghaffar Khan in the North-West Frontier Province of India in 1930.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is the person who led the Civil Disobedience Movement ( CDM) in the North-West Frontier province ( Peshawar).

About Jawahar Lal Nehru:

Jawahar Lal Nehru was the country's first prime minister for 16 years.

1929: Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as President of the Indian National Congress in December 1929 at Lahore Session. He formalized the demand of Purna Swaraj ( complete independence).

1931: Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru drafted the resolution of Fundamental Rights at the Karachi Congress Session in 1931. It was chaired by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

1946: Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the Objective Resolution on December 13, 1946.

Nehru was Chairperson of three major Committees of the Constituent Assembly namely the Union Powers Committee, the Union Constitution Committee, and States Committee.

14 November is celebrated as Children's Day to honor Pandit Nehru. 

"Discovery of India" is a famous book written by Jawahar Lal Nehru.

" Laziness is harmful to oneself" is a famous quote by Pandit Nehru.

Jawaharlal Nehru's famous line was "Everything else can wait but not agriculture".

Subhas Chandra Bose:

Subhas Chandra Bose presided over the Haripura ( 1938) session and Tripuri Session ( 1939) of the Indian National Congress. In 1939, he defeated  Pattabhi Sitaramayya who was supported by Mahatma Gandhi, and won the Presidentship of Congress, but later resigned as he did not want to create difference between Gandhi. 

He formed "Forward Block" in 1939.

In 1943, he went to Singapore and joined INA ( Indian National Army), which was founded by Mohan Singh in 1942.

About Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi :

2 October 1869: Born in Porbandar Gujarat.

1907: The first Satyagraha in South Africa.

1915: He returned to India on 9 January 1915. This day is celebrated as Pravasi Bhartiya Divas. The title of Mahatma was given to Gandhi by Rabindranath Tagore in 1915.

1917:Chamaparan Satyagraha. It was the first Satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi in India.

1918 ( 15 March): Ahmedabad Mill Strikes. It was the first hunger strike of Mahatma Gandhi.

1918 ( 22 March): Kheda Satyagraha.

1917-1918: The Satyagraha Movement

1919-1924: Khilafat Movement

1920: Non-Cooperation Movement

1924: Mahatma Gandhi became the president of the Indian National Congress at Belgaum in 1924.

1930: Dandi March.

1930: Civil Disobedience Movement.

1942: Quit India Movement. "do or die" slogan of Gandhi. 

1945: Subhash Chandra Bose gave the "Father of the Nation title" to Mahatma Gandhi.

30 January 1948: Death of Mahatma Gandhi, Birla House, New Delhi.

"My Experiment with Truth" is an autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi.

Hind Swaraj, Navjivan, Harijan, Young India, and Indian Opinion are magazines published by Mahatma Gandhi. 

You may like also:

Next Post »