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Explain the security challenges in the border areas of Uttar Pradesh. | UPPSC General Studies-V (5) Mains Solutions 2023


Explain the security challenges in the border areas of Uttar Pradesh.

 (UPPSC Mains General Studies-V/GS-5 2023 Solutions)


Uttar Pradesh shares its border with 8 states, one Union Territory, and one International Border. 

Uttar Pradesh's border includes:

Nepal ( Pilibhit, Lakhim Pur Kheri, Bahraich, Sravasti, Balrampur, Siddharth Nagar, and Maharajganj).

Delhi ( Ghaziabad).

Uttarakhand ( Pilibhit, Bareilly, Rampur, Moradabad, Bijnor, Muzaffarnagar, and Saharanpur).

Himachal Pradesh ( Saharanpur).

Haryana ( Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Baghpat, Gautam Buddha Nagar, and Mathura).

Rajasthan ( Mathura and Agra).

Madhya Pradesh( Mathura, Etawah, Auraiya, Jalaun, Jhansi, Lalitpur, Mahoba, Banda, Chitrakoot, Prayagraj, Mirzapur, and Sonbhadra).

Chhattisgarh( Sonbhadra).

Jharkhand ( Sonbhadra).

Bihar ( Sonbhadra, Chandauli, Ghazipur, Balia, Deoria, and Kushinagar)

The following are security challenges in the border areas of Uttar Pradesh:

Cross-border Infiltration:

The porous international borders with Nepal, are prone to illegal immigration, militants, and criminal activities.

Infiltration poses a threat to national security, as it facilitates terrorist activities, drug trafficking, and arms smuggling.

Drug Trafficking and Smuggling: 

The India- Nepal border is a porous border that facilitates drug trafficking, and counterfeit currency which harms individuals, communities, and the national economy.

Left Wing Extremism:

Border areas adjacent to Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand (Sonbhadra and Chandauli districts)  are prone to Left Wing Extremism.

Human Trafficking: 

Illegal arms struggle via the Nepal border poses instability and violence in the region.

Strengthening border infrastructure, enhancing surveillance capabilities, deploying modern technology, and improving border management are essential to safeguarding national security and maintaining peace and stability in the region.

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