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Elucidate the concept of conservation and management of resources. | UP PCS Optional Geography Mains Paper 1 2019


Elucidate the concept of conservation and management of resources.
( UPPSC, UP PCS, 2019, 15 Marks) 
संसाधनों के संरक्षण येवम प्रबंधन की संकल्पना को स्पष्ट कीजिये।

Answer:

Any object or substance is a resource if that has usability or utility to humans.
Types of resources:
  • Natural resources
  • Human-made
  • Human resources
Resources are not endless, they can be exhausted if not conserved and managed properly.
For example, 

  • Groundwater in many cities gets exhausted because of overexploitation. 
  • Many Natural resources such as Petroleum, Coal, and forests are depleting very fast, and they will be exhausted in the near future. Hence there is a need for the Conservation and management of resources.


Conservation and management of resources:
The following actions are needed:

  • Scientific and technical understanding of resources is needed for the conservation and management of resources.
  • Managing the interaction between people and resources.
  • Sustainable usage of resources is key to conservation and management.
  • Sustainable usage of resources means prudent usage of resources to fulfill the current needs without compromising the availability of future generations.
  • Conservation and management of resources should be based on the balanced development of all three types of resources that is natural, human-made, and human resources.
  • Not too much usage of natural resources to develop human-made and human resources.


Conservation and management of resources
Conservation and management of resources


The following are some principles of sustainable development:
  • Minimum Waste Generation
  • Minimize the per capita consumption of resource
  • Recycling of materials
  • Using renewable resources.
  • Respect and care for all forms of life
  • Improve the quality of human life
  • Conserve the earth's diversity
  • Minimize the depletion of natural resources
  • Change personal attitudes and all actions should be environment-friendly
  • Enable communities to care for their own environment.
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