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Indian space program UPSC |Transport, Communication, and Trade | Geography of India

Evolution of Indian Space Program in India:

  • 1947, Established Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad by Vikram Sarabhai  
  • 1962: Set up of Indian National Committee for Space Research. India started the space program.
  • 1969: ISRO-Indian Space Research Organization formed.
  • ISRO identified the importance of space technology in national development and made it useful for the common man.
  • 1975: India launched the first low orbit satellite  " Aryabhata" on the soil of the Soviet Union.
  • 1979: Indigenous launching Satellite; Rohini series of the satellite from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
  • 1990: PSLV- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle Developed. Now, it is the most reliable carrier for satellite carriers and launched many satellites for various countries.
  • 2001: Geosynchronous Communication Satlellie (GSLV) was developed for launching heavier and geosynchronous communication satellites.

Many satellites have been launched for various purpose, purposes these are:

  • Broadcast
  • Communication
  • Weather forecast
  • Disaster management
  • Geographic Information system
  • Cartography
  • Navigation
  • Telemedicine 
  • Educational Satellite

On the basis of configuration and purposes; the satellite system is grouped into two parts:
  • INSAT-Indian National Satellite system
  • IRS-Indian Remote Sensing Satellite System

  • Enable in 1983, a multi-purpose satellite system for telecommunication, metrological, observation, and various other data programs.

  • Enable in 1988, from vainer in Russia.
  • Develop PSLV-Polar Satellite Launching vehicle
  • These satellites called data in several spectral bands and transmit them to the ground station for various usages;
  • NRSC-National Remote sensing center- Hyderabad; very helpful in managing natural resources.
  • Mass communication provided entertainment and awareness among people about various national programs and policies.
Major Space Center in India:
  • Vikaram Sarabhai Space Centre at Thumba in Thiruvananthapuram; development activities of the satellite launch vehicle
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, launching centre.
  • National Remote Sensing Center, Hyderabad
  • Antrix Corporation; INSAT program office; Bangaluru
  • Space Application Centre; Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad.

Some Success story:

  • Luner( Chandrayaan)
  • InterPlanetary ( Mangalayaan) Mission

Future Space Program:

  • Human space flight project
  • Development of heavy-lift launches
  • Reusable Launch Vehicle
  • Semi-Cryogenic Engine
  • Single and two-stage orbit vehicle.
Try to solve the following questions:
  •  Evaluate the contribution of Communication and Information Technology to the development of the economy and society, and examine the relevance of the recently launched "Digital India" program. (UPSC 2015, 200 words, 15 marks)

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