UPSC Geography Prelims Questions | 2012-Set-1

1. How does the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting Indian Agriculture?

1. NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.

2. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.

3. Application for Intellectual Property Rights related to genetic/biological resources cannot be made without the approval of the NBA.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3


Answer. c) 


2. The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 was enacted in consonance with which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India?

1. Right to a healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under Article 21.

2. Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the Scheduled Areas for the

the welfare of Scheduled Tribes under Article 275(1).

3. Powers and functions of Gram Sabha as mentioned under Article 243(A).

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3


Answer. a)


3. Consider the following statements: Chlorofluorocarbons, known as an ozone-depleting substance, are used

1. In the production of plastic foams.

2. In the production of tubeless tyres.

3. In cleaning certain electronic components.

4. As pressurizing agents in aerosol cans. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1, 2, and 3 only

b) 4 only

c) 1, 3, and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Answer. c) 


4. Electrically charged particles from space traveling at speeds of several hundred km/sec can severely harm living beings if they reach the surface of the Earth. What prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth?

a) The Earth’s magnetic field diverts them towards its poles.

b) Ozone later around the Earth reflects them back to outer space.

c) Moisture in the upper layers from reaching the surface of the Earth.

d) None of the statements (a), (b), and (c) given above is correct.



Answer. a)


5.  Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development:

1. Low birth rate with low death rate.

2. High birth rate with high death rate.

3. High birth rate with low death rate.

Select the correct order of the above stages using the codes given below:

a) 1, 2, 3

b) 2, 1, 3

c) 2, 3, 1

d) 3, 2, 1


Answer. c) 2, 3, 1


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