Give your suggestions for the upliftment of tribes in India.

 Question.

Give your suggestions for the upliftment of tribes in India. ( UPPSC, 2020, 15 Marks)

Answer. 

Tribes are the oldest inhabitants of India. As of 2011, the tribal population constitutes 8.6% (104 million) of India's total population.

Following are the suggestions for the upliftment of tribes in India:

Tribal Economy:

Tribes in India are largely dependent on forestry and agriculture-based economy for their livelihood.

We should pay attention to:

  • Availability of irrigation on tribal land
  • Ensure availability of quality seeds, fertilizers, pesticides
  • To impart skill training to the tribes on agriculture and forestry.
  • Enabling market access of tribal products.
  • To develop strong infrastructure like roads, highways, bridges, etc. in the tribal areas.


Education Facilities:

Tribes in India are largely illiterate and have a low literacy rate. In today's world, education provides a new way of utilizing available resources and illiteracy is a major obstacle to socio-economic development.

We should pay attention to:

  • To provide quality education with hostel facilities in tribal areas.
  • We have to strengthen Eklavya schools and Adarsh ​​resident schools.


Health and Sanitation Facilities:

Maternal and infant mortality rates are high in tribal areas.

We should pay attention to:

  • To provide maternity hospital for safe delivery of newborn babies and infant hospital for child care to all tribals.
  • We should start at least one medical hospital in each tribal district.
  • Safe water and sanitation services should be available to all tribal populations.


Food and Nutrition Security:

  • According to the National Family Health Survey of India, malnutrition is higher among tribal children and women as compared to other social groups.
  • We should strengthen the PDS system for access to a balanced diet in tribal areas.


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