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What is natural vegetation? | Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE


What is natural vegetation?

( Chapter 8: India: Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife, Class 6- The Earth: Our Habitat ( GEOGRAPHY), SOCIAL SCIENCE)


The vegetation that grows on its own without interference or the help of human beings is called natural vegetation. Or we can say that natural vegetation refers to the plant life that grows in a particular region without direct human intervention or cultivation.

Natural vegetation includes all the native plant species that have evolved and adapted to the local climate, soil, and environmental conditions over time. The grasses, shrubs, and trees are included in natural vegetation.

Natural vegetation can vary widely from one geographical area to another and is shaped by factors such as temperature, rainfall, altitude, and soil composition.

Different types of natural vegetation are dependent on different climatic conditions, and the amount of rainfall is the most deciding factor of natural vegetation.

Due to variations in climatic conditions, India has a wide range of natural vegetation.

The following types of natural vegetation:

Tropical Rainforests: 

Tropical Rainforests are found in regions near the equator with high rainfall and temperatures. They are characterized by dense, lush vegetation.


Grasslands are areas dominated by grasses and a few scattered trees, common in both tropical and temperate regions.

Deciduous Forests: 

These forests shed their leaves during a particular season, such as in subtropical regions. Neam, Peepal, Plas tree, etc are examples.

Coniferous Forests: 

These forests are populated by evergreen trees with needle-like leaves, adapted to cold and snowy conditions. Pine and spruce trees are examples.


Mangroves' natural vegetation is found in coastal areas with brackish water, mangroves have unique salt-tolerant plants.

Alpine Vegetation: 

Alpine vegetation is found in high-altitude regions where only hardy, low-growing plants can survive due to extreme cold and short growing seasons.

Natural vegetation is essential for maintaining ecological balance, conserving biodiversity, and providing habitats for wildlife. It also contributes to various ecological processes like oxygen production, carbon sequestration, and soil stability.

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