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MCQ on sustainable development | QUIZ and Objective types of Questions

1. What do we call balancing the need to use resources and conserve them for the future? ( UPPSC 2023)

 a) Reducing Consumption

b) Future resources

c) Resource Conservation

d) Sustainable Development

Answer. d) Sustainable Development

2. Which of the following is not a sustainable development goal targeted to be achieved by 2030? ( UPPSC 2023)

a) Gender Equality

b) Space Research

c) Zero Hunger

d) Good Health and well-being

Answer. b) Space Research

Gender Equality: Goal 5

Zero Hunger: Goal 2

Good Health and Well-being: Goal 3

3. Which of the following is the correct definition of "Agenda 21"? ( UPPSC 2013)

a) It is an action plan of the U.N.O. for protecting human rights.

b) It is a book with 21 chapters on nuclear disarmament.

c) It is an action for the conservation of the global environment in the 21st century.

d) It is an agenda for the election of the president in the next meeting of SAARC.

Answer. c;

Agenda 21 is the non-binding action plan of the United Nations in 1992 for sustainable development.

Earth summit.

4. "The Decade of Sustainable Energy for All" is the initiative of: ( UPPSC 2017)

a) United Nations

b) India

c) Germany

d) World Bank

Answer. a) United Nations

United Nations adopted 2014-24, " The Decade of Sustainable Energy for All".

5. 'Saving energy and other resources for the future without sacrificing people's comfort in the present' is the definition of which of the following concepts?  ( UPPSC 2018)

a) Economic growth

b) Economic development

c) Sustainable development

d) Human development

Answer. c) Sustainable development

6. Which of the following is a Nodal Institute for the implementation of Sustainable development Goals in India? ( UPPSC 2019)

a) Planning Commission

b) Disinvestment Commission

c) NITI Aayog

d) Finance Commission

Answer. c) NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog is a Nodal Institute for the implementation of Sustainable development Goals in India.

7. Which of the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) will target water availability for all and its permanent management up to 2030 in India? ( UPPSC 2019)

a)  SDG-6

b) SDG-7

c) SDG-8

d) SDG-9

Answer. a)  SDG-6

SDG-6. Clean water and sanitation.

SDG7- Affordable and Clean Energy

SDG 8: Decent work and Economic growth

SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

8. The discussion on "Sustainable Development " was started after submitting a report on the environment to the United Nations in 1987. That report was ( UPPSC 2020)

a) First report on climate change

b) Our common future

c) Second Report on Climate Change

d) Fifth Assessment Report

Answer. b) Our common future

Brundtland Commission Report 1987 or The World Commission on Environment and Development published the " Our Common Future" report that defines sustainable development.

9. The main objective of sustainable tourism is: ( UPPSC 2020)

a) To increase the number of tourists.

b) To manage mass-scale tourism and small-scale travel.

c) To manage tourism and the environment while maintaining cultural integrity and ecological processes.

d) None of the above

Answer. c) To manage tourism and the environment while maintaining cultural integrity and ecological processes.

10. With reference to ‘Agenda 21’, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements: ( UPSC 2016)

1. It is a global action plan for sustainable development.

2. It originated in the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg in 2002. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer. a) 1 only

11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer from the code given below the lists: ( UPPSC 2022)

        List I ( Sustainable Development Goal)            List II ( Related With )

A. SDG 10                                                    1. Climate Change

B. SDG 13                                                       2. Life on land

C. SDG 14                                                       3. Reduction in Inequality

D. SDG 15                                                       4. Life below water

        A    B    C    D

a)     3    1    4    2

b)    2    3    1    4

c)    3    2    4    1

d)    1    2    3    4

Answer. a)     3    1    4    2;

The following is the list of 17 United Nations Sustainable Developments-

SDG 1: No Poverty

SDG 2: Zero Hunger

SDG 3: Health and Well-being

SDG 4: Quality Education

SDG 5: Gender Equality

SDG 6: Clean Water

SDG 7: Clean Energy

SDG 8: Decent Work

SDG 9: III( Innovation, industry, and Infrastructure)

SDG 10: Reduced Inequality

SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

SDG 13: Climate Change

SDG 14: Life below water

SDG 15: Life on land

SDG 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institution

SDG 17: Partnership for the goal 

12. Consider the following statements about sustainable development-

1. Based on the global indicator framework and data produced by National Statistical systems and information collected at the regional level, the United Nations Secretary-General presents an Annual Sustainable Development Goal Report

2. The Global Sustainable Development Report is produced to inform the quadrennial sustainable development goal review deliberations at the U.N. General Assembly once every quarter.

Select the correct answer using the code given below-


a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer. a) Only 1

13. Natural resources should be used by the present generation in such a way that if there is minimum degradation of natural resources, then what kind of development would it be called? ( UPPSC 2023)

a) Economic development

b) Organic Development

c) Social development

d) Sustainable Development

Answer. d) Sustainable Development


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