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Spatial and Locational analysis in human geography

Spatial and Locational analysis in Human Geography

The spatial and locational analysis is the quantitative tool of the quantitative revolution, it is based on the Positivism approach of geography.

Spatial vs Locational analysis:

In Spatial analysis, the focus is on the spatial arrangement of phenomena that are the organizational center (node), network, interaction /flow, distance, relative distance, etc.
In Locational analysis, the following analysis is done in particular locations :

  • Population and demographic 
  • Migration, 
  • Industries and types of Industries
  • Literacy and  school, college infrastructure  

The major contribution to the spatial and locational analysis is done by Peter Haggett. He suggested five-component initially and later added the sixth component on locational analysis. The following logical sequence should be while analysis of the region:

  • Identifying the major organization center or nodes
  • Study of connection and flow across space
  • Study of the network along with the flow
  • Make the hierarchical structure of the organization center
  • Surface analysis should be done between nodes
  • Finally, diffusion down the hierarchy, along with the networks, and along the surface.

Importance of spatial and locational analysis:

  • For checking the project viability and scope
  • Getting comprehensive information regarding the project, for example, the assessment of 
  • Industrial corridor
  • Bullet train
  •  Fright corridor
  • Administrative structure 
  • Backward area development
  • GDP analysis

Criticism of Locational analysis:

Same as a quantitative revolution.

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26 October 2020 at 01:53 ×


Congrats bro Dr. Vishal Gohil you got PERTAMAX...! hehehehe...