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The preamble of the Indian Constitution UPSC

The following are the main features of the preamble of the Indian constitution:
  • It is the introductory part of the constitution taken from the USA constitution
  • It is people who give power to the Constitution
  • The preamble is the part of the Constitution 
  • It reflects the main theme of the Constitution.
  • It can be amended ( As Kesavananda Bharti case, parliament can not amend the basic feature of the constitution)
  • The preamble is neither the source of power nor the limits of power.
  • It is not enforceable by courts.

The tricks to remember preamble of Indian constitution:

  • India एक SSSDR King है जिसके 3 JUSEP, 2 Equal SO, 5 Liberal Ex Without Ticket Border Force है और 26 November 1949 को Fortune car से Integral Brother के पास 26 January 1950 को पाहुचा

In English:

  • India is SSSDR King has 3 JUSEP, 2 Equal SO, 5 Liberal Ex Without Ticket Border Force and he starts journey from 26 November 1949 by Fortune car to meet with his Integral Brother.

The following keywords are mentioned in the Preamble of Indian constitutions:

1: India is a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, and Republic country.

  • Sovereign means
    • No external or Internal power can dictate the Indian government.
  • Socialist
    • Resource own by the state, and the state work for the welfare of society.
  • Secular
    • State treats all religions equally.
  • Democratic
    • Elected government
  • Republic means
    • The head of the state is elected in a direct or indirect way. The UK is a monarchy form of government.
2. Justice: Three types of Justice:
  • Social
  • Economic
  • Political
3. Equality: Two types of Equality:
  • Status
  • Opportunity
4. Liberty: Five types of Liberty:
  • Thought
  • Expression
  • Belief
  • Faith
  • Worship
5. Fraternity: Brotherhood or integrity.
  • In the 42nd Constitution amendment: Socialist, Secular, and Integrity words were inserted.
  • Date of adoption of Constitution: 26 November 1949 and came force on 26 January 1950.

The following questions were asked in UPSC/ state PCS exam:

1. How many types of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity in that order have been mentioned in the preamble of the constitution of India?( UP PCS 2018)
    (a) 3,5,2, 1   
    (b) 1,3,5,2
    (c) 2,5,3,1 

    (d) 5,2,1,3

Answer: a

2. Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India? (UPSC 2017)
(a)Liberty of thought
(b)Economic liberty
(c)Liberty of expression
(d)Liberty of belief

Answer. b

3. The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following? ( UPSC 2017)
(a)The Preamble
(b)The Fundamental Rights
(c)The Directive Principles of State Policy
(d)The Fundamental Duties

Answer. a

4. ‘Economic Justice’ the objectives of Constitution has been as one of the Indian provided in: ( UPSC 2013)
(a) the Preamble and Fundamental Rights
(b) the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
(c) the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy
(d) None of the above

Solution. b

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