Explain the concept of Umland and discuss the criteria and method of its delimitation. | Indian Geography | UP PCS Optional Geography Mains Paper 2 2019


Explain the concept of Umland and discuss the criteria and method of its delimitation.
( UPPSC, UP PCS, 2019, 10 Marks)
उमलैंड की संकल्पना की व्याख्या कीजिये और इसके सीमांकन के मानकों येवम विधियो की  विवेचना किजिये।

Answer:

Umland is also called the "sphere of urban influence" or "catchment area" or "city region", it is the area around the city that has characteristics of both city and village.

The surrounding area of the city is called Umland which is functionally interconnected through the city through specific criteria. Umland is one type of functional region and boundary or areas of the Umland is dependent on the following criteria:

  • The flow of Goods: The city gets raw material, laborers, agricultural products from Umland areas.
  • Services flow: People from Umland Areas avail services such as hospitals, schools, Transporation, communication, cinema and buy higher-order goods such as TV, Machines, AC from City.
  • People's movement: From Umland areas, people visit daily to avail of goods and services.

Umland
Umland

Based on the above criteria, the following methods are used to delimitate the boundary of Umland:

  • Flow analysis
  • Gravitational analysis
Flow analysis:
Umland region of the boundary is marked by analyzing the flow of goods and services. 

The intensity of goods and services flow increases when one gets close to the city.
The flow of goods and services get decreases when we go away from the city towards the outer boundary of Umland.
The boundary of Umland is marked where the flow of goods and services is zero.
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