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Highlight the importance of Multi-level planning in the regional development of India. | Indian Geography | UP PCS Optional Geography Mains Paper 2 2019

Highlight the importance of Multi-level planning in the regional development of India.
( UPPSC, UP PCS, 2019, 10 Marks)
भारत के प्रादेशिक विकास में बहु-स्तरीय नियोजन के महत्व पर प्रकाश डालिये।


Planning for development can be two types:

  • Single Level Planning
  • Multi-Level Planning

In Single level Planning, planning is done at a central level and implementation is done on a regional level.
In Multi-level planning, countries can be divided into many regions and regions can be further divided into many sub-regions based on geographical, administrative, cultural, and political uniqueness. Planning is done at a sub-regional level that will provide bases for regional planning and further it will provide the basis of country-level planning.

Evolution of multi-level planning in India:

  • In the first and second five years, India's approach for development was mainly centralized from a financial perspective.
  • The first time, Mehta Committee report in 1957 supported multi-level planning. But finally, in 1993 multi-level planning was made mandatory in the state through 73rd and 74th Constitution amendment acts.
As of now, the following are the various level of planning in India:
  • Centre
  • States
  • Districts
  • Blocks
  • Villages

Importance of Multilevel planning in regional development in India:
  • India is a very diverse country both geographically and culturally; one plan at the national level can not be suitable for all over India, hence multi-level planning is very much needed for India.
  • Framing policy at multi-level would be catering to the actual ground level requirement for the basic necessity.  Multi-level planning helps to address local-level problems. For example, 
    • Some village facing water scarcity hence policy should be for water conservation
    • Some region has flood problems, that policy should be to avoid the flood and strengthen infrastructure.
  • It will help to reduce the regional disparity in India.
  • It helps to better utilization of resources because local people participate more and policy is designated for the regional requirements.
  • It uses local knowledge and techniques from local people experts to solve local issues.
  • The involvement of local people provides quick and pragmatic feedback to planners and also provides a solution.
  • Corruption will be minimized as local people audit the implementation. 
  • Multilevel planning is more sustainable than single-level planning

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