List the urban agglomerations/cities state-wise and see the state-wise population under this category of cities in India

 Question.

List the urban agglomerations/cities state-wise and see the state-wise population under this category of cities in India. ( NCERT class 12 geography)

Answer.

Most the Indian metropolitan cities and megacities fall under the category of urban agglomeration. An urban agglomeration is an urban settlement and is formed by one of the following three combinations:

  • A city and its surrounding urban expansion. Most of the metropolitan urban settlements like Varanasi, and Bangalore are in this category.
  • Two or more adjoining towns and their urban expansion. For example, Durg-Bhilai.
  • A city and one or more adjacent towns as well as their urban extension areas. Most of the megacities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Chennai are in this category.
  • According to the 2011 census, 53 out of 468 cities are urban agglomerations. Out of these, six urban agglomerations are mega cities.

Following is the list of city urban agglomerations by state:

Maharashtra:

There are 5 urban agglomerations in Maharashtra.

  • Mumbai is the largest urban agglomeration in India with 18.4 million people. The other four urban agglomerations are:
  • Pune (5.05 million population)
  • Nagpur (2.50 million population)
  • Nashik (1.56 million population)
  • Aurangabad (1.19 million population)


The urban agglomerations in union territories are:

  • Srinagar is an urban agglomeration in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir with a population of about 1.27 million.
  • Chandigarh (1.03 million) is also an urban agglomeration. It is an urban agglomeration.
  • Delhi (16.31 million) is the second largest urban agglomeration in India after Mumbai.

Punjab:

  • Ludhiana (1.61 million) and Amritsar (1.18) are the two urban agglomerations of Punjab.

Haryana:

  • Faridabad (1.41 million) is the only urban agglomeration in Haryana.

Rajasthan:

  • Jaipur (3.08 million), Jodhpur (1.14 million), and Kota (1.01 million) are the three urban agglomerations of Rajasthan.

Uttar Pradesh:

  • There are 7 (seven) urban clusters in Uttar Pradesh - Kanpur (2.92 million), Lucknow (2.90 million), Ghaziabad (2.36 million), Agra (1.175 million), Varanasi (1.44 million), Meerut (1.43 million), Allahabad (1.22 million).

Bihar:

  • Patna (2.05 million) is the only urban agglomeration in Bihar.

West Bengal:

  • Kolkata (14.12 million) and Asansol (1.24) are the two urban agglomerations of West Bengal.

Jharkhand:

  • Jamshedpur (1.34 million), Dhanbad (1.20 million), and Ranchi (1.13 million) are the three urban clusters of Jharkhand.

Chhattisgarh:

  • Raipur (1.13 million) and Durg-Bhilai (1.07 million) are the two urban clusters of Chhattisgarh.

Madhya Pradesh:

  • Indore (2.17 million), Bhopal (1.89 million), Jabalpur (1.27 million), and Gwalior (1.11) are the four urban clusters of Madhya Pradesh.

Gujarat:

  • Ahmedabad (6.36 million), Surat (4.59 million), Vadodara (1.82 million), and Rajkot (1.40 million) are the four urban agglomerations in Gujarat.

Telangana:

  • Hyderabad (7.75 million).

Andra Pradesh:

  • Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation (GVMC) (1.73 million)
  • Vijayawada (1.50 million)

Karnataka:

  • Bengaluru (8.50 million)

Kerala:

There are seven urban agglomerations in the state of Kerala.

  • Kochi (2.12 million)
  • Kozhikode (2.03 million)
  • Thrissur (1.85 million)
  • Malappuram (1.70 million)
  • Thiruvananthapuram (1.69 million)
  • Kannur (1.65 million)
  • Kollam (1.12 million)

Tamil Nadu:

There are four urban agglomerations in the state of Tamil Nadu.

  • Chennai (8.70 million)
  • Coimbatore (2.16 million)
  • Madurai (1.46 million)
  • Tiruchirappalli(1.02 million)

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