Drought UPSC | Floods and droughts| Geography of India| UPSC | UP-PCS | State PCS

Table of Contents

  • What is  Drought?
  • The new definition of drought
  • Drought prone areas in India
  • Drought management Manual 2009
  • Drought crisis management plan
  • Long terms solution to drought

What is  Drought?

Long terms monsoon breaks in rainy seasons cause drought in India. It affects the Kharif crops and groundwater depletion which eventually also causes the loss of Rabi crops.

An intense drought will be called if the monsoon breaks in 15 to 20 days.
Monsoon break leads to an increase in atmospheric temperature resulting in more evaporation and depletes soil moisture very rapidly.
Intense drought in years: 1979, 1986, 2001.

The new definition of drought:

As per IMD:

  • below 20 to 40 % normal will be called a "deficient year" earlier it was all India drought year
  • Below 40 % normal monsoon will be called "Large Deficient year" earlier it was called "All India Severe Drought year"


Drought management Manual 2009;

  • Availability of drinking water
  • Availability of irrigation water
  • Availability  of fodder
  • Availability of food requirements
  • Energy sector requirement

Drought prone region;

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana, Rajasthan.

 

Drought crisis management plan:

  • Use of MGNREGS to provide employment to drought-prone areas.
  • The active role of PDS in rural areas.
  • Initiate action to recharge the groundwater table and provide pipe water and irrigation facilities.
  • Waive off farm loan


To overcome:

  • Watershed management
  • Dryland farming practice
  • Crop management
  • Soil and moisture conservation

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