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Pipeline Networks UPSC| Transport, Communication, and Trade | Geography of India

Table of Contents:

  • Pipeline Transport
  • Important Pipeline networks in India
  • Advantages and disadvantages of Pipeline Networks

Pipeline Transport( Land Transport)

  • The pipeline is a new concept of land transport. As of now, it is being used for the transportation of only goods, not the passenger.
  • In past, the pipeline is used to transport water to cities or industries. 
  • Nowadays, pipelines transport are used to transport many items such as crude oil, petroleum product, and natural gases from oil and natural field to refineries, fertilizer factors, and thermal plants.
  • Major Convenient and efficient mode of transport and ideal for liquid and gases but solid particles also get transported after changing into a slurry( semi-liquid) over long distances.

Important Pipeline Networks in India

major pipeline network in India

There is three major pipeline network in India:

  • Oil field in Upper Assam ( Digboi Oil Field) to Kanpur via Guwahati, Baruani, and Allahabad. There is one branch from Barauni to Haldia via Rajbarda
    • Asia's first cross-company pipeline was created by OIL( Oil India Limited) from Assam to Barauni
  • Salaya in Gujarat to Jalandhar in Punjab via Mathura, Delhi, and Sonipat.
  • Gas Pipile from Hazira in Gujarat connects Jagdishpur in Uttar Pradesh via Vijaipur in Madhya Pradesh.

Advantages and disadvantages of Pipeline Transport:

  • The initial cost is high but the subsequent running costs are minimal
  • There is a minimum number of transportation losses and delays.
Try to solve the following questions:
  •  Explain the pipeline network across India and its impact on regional development. (UPSC 2018, 250 words, 20 marks)

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