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Transport, Communication, and Trade | Geography of India

Transport, communication, and trade are complementary to each other:

  • Efficient transport can be only be achieved with efficient communication and vice versa.
  • Transportation makes goods available to consumers from the site of production to consumers or the markets. For example, we will not get fresh fruits, cloth, and dairy products, if transportation is not available.
  • Through transportation, people also move from one location to another location and the tourism industry flourishes
  • Through the transport network, the post office ( communication ) flourishes.
  • Transport and communication help to develop and flourish trade and commerce as they facilitate the movement of goods, commodities, and ideas from one location to another location.
  • Trade from a village to an international market is key for the economy; transport and communication are key to trade.

The movement of goods and services is done by three major modes of transport;

  • Land transport
  • Water Transport
  • Air Transport

Land transport is further classified into the following ways;

  • Roadways
  • Railways
  • Pipelines

Water Transport is further classified into the following ways;

  • Inland waterways
  • Oversea waterways

Airways are further categorized into;

  • Domestic Airways
    • Public Unit
    • Private Unit
  • International Airways

Communication medium;

  • Radio
  • Television
  • Cinema
  • Internet
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