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UPSC 2017 Geography Optional Question Paper[UNSOLVED]

 Geography [Paper-I] [ 3 Hours 250 Marks]

Section A;

Q1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: (10 * 5=50)

(a) Write a note on pseudo volcanic features.

(b) Distinguish between low-energy coasts and coral coasts.

(c) Discuss the impacts of ocean currents on air mass behavior.

(d) Describe the characteristics of biological deserts.

(e) Explain the concept of micro carbon sink and its relevance.

Q2. (a) Discuss the forces which govern the air movement on the Earth's surface. ( 250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) "The knowledge of slope analysis has limited field application in the slope management." Explain. (150 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Describe the configuration of the Pacific Ocean floor. (150 words, 15 Marks)

Q3. (a) "Climate change is a reality." Explain with suitable examples. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) Distinguish between the characteristics of Chernozem and Sierozem soils. (150 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Give classification of plants based on the amount of water requirement. (150 words, 15 Marks)

Q4. (a) Discuss the concept of the Periglacial cycle as propounded by Peltier. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) "Climate, slope gradient and rock structure influence the avulsion of channels." Explain. (150 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Discuss the Perception, Attitude, Value, and Emotion(PAVE) theory of environmental management. (150 words, 15 Marks)


Q5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: ( 10*5=50)

(a) Explain the concept of Time-Geography.

(b) "Whittlesey's agricultural regions are relevant even today." Discuss

(c) Write an explanatory note on geographical systems.

(d) "The traditional cultural identities are at loss with the growth of global connectivity." Explain.

(e) Give an account of sustainable development and its components.

Q6. (a) Discuss the contemporary paradigms of Geography. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) "The intensity of energy crisis varies regionally." Explain. (150 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Examine the causes and consequences of forced migration of population in the present context. (150 words, 15 Marks)

Q7. (a) Discuss the applicability of Christaller's Central Place Theory. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) "There are considerable demographic similarities between West European nations and Japan." Explain. (150 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Define the quality of life and explain its parameters with adequate examples. (150 words, 15 Marks)

Q8. (a)  "The Heartland Theory is gaining importance once again." Comment. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) Examine the role of small towns in the regional development process. (150 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Explain the concept of social capital in relation to India. (150 words, 15 Marks)

Geography[ Paper-II] [ 3 Hours 250 Marks]


1. (a)  On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of three locations whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2*10=20)

(i) Thumba (थुम्बा )

(ii) Nayachar Island (नयाचार द्वीप)

(iii) Doddabetta (डोडाबेट्टा  ) 

(iv) Devasthal (देवस्थल)

(v) Pangong lake (पैंगोंग झील)

(vi) Hampi (हम्पी)

(vii) Havelock Island (हैवलॉक द्वीप)

(viii) Luni River (लूनी नदी )

(ix) Daringbadi (दरिंगबादि )

(x) Dudhsagar Waterfall (दूधसागर जलप्रपात )

(b) Give a reasoned account of an unusual pattern of distribution of monsoonal rainfall in India in 2017. ( 10 Marks)

(c) Explain the inter-state issues involved in the implementation of the Satluj-Yamuna Link Canal Project. (10 Marks)

(d) Small towns in India have problems and prospects of their own. Elaborate. (10 Marks)

2. (a) Discuss the freshwater crisis in India and prepare a blueprint for its sustainable management. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Identify the Naxal-affected areas in India and discuss their socio-economic problems. (150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Critically examine the feasibility of the development of a comprehensive network of airways in India. (150 words, 15 marks)

3. (a) "An effective three-tier Panchayat Raj System will strengthen the bottom-up approach to multilevel planning in India." Explain. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "Linguistic diversity is an asset as well as a challenge in India." Explain the statement focussing on the distribution of languages and the major steps taken to address the related issues. (150 words, 15 marks)

(c) How may tourism in hilly areas of India be developed as an important source of the economy?

4. (a) Mention various methods of functional classification of towns in India and explain the method applied by Asok Mitra. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Farmers' suicide is one of the major agrarian problems in India. Bring out its causes and suggest remedial measures with special reference to Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Punjab. (150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Land reform is a key to modern agriculture in India. Describe various measures taken in this direction after Independence.


5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: (10* 5=50)

(a) Explain the role of the "Hill Transport Subsidy scheme" in reducing regional imbalances in areas identified by the Government of India.

(b) Bring out the geopolitical implications of the Doklam dispute in the context of Indo-China relations.

(c) Bring out the significance of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System(IRNSS).

(d) Mini Steel plants can act as an instrument of decentralization of the iron and steel industry in India. Explain.

(e) Goods and Services Tax(GST) has a differential impact on developed and backward states of the country. How and why?

6. (a) Interlinking of rivers may serve as a major source of assured irrigation and all-weather inland navigation in India. Comment on its feasibility taking into account physical, economic, and ecological implications. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Religious minorities are largely concentrated in the border states of India. Discuss its causes and consequences. (150 words, 15 marks)

(c) What do you understand by soil pollution? Delineate the areas vulnerable in India and suggest remedial measures. (150 words, 15 marks)

7. (a) Integrated development of road and rail networks in a complementary framework is a prerequisite for regional development. Explain with reference to the North-Eastern region of India. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Describe the salient features of the Sagar Mala Project and Highlight its role in the port-led development of coastal regions in India. (150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Justify the inclusion of Meghalaya in Peninsular India and discuss its vegetation and soil types. (150 words, 15 marks)

8. (a) Name the major industrial regions of India indicating the bases of their identification. Highlight their basic problems. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Drainage pattern in Penisular India is a result of its geological structure and topography. Elaborate. (150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Why has solar energy in India not been developed to the desired level in spite of its high potential? (150 words, 15 marks)

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