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UPSC 2016 Geography Optional Question Paper[ SOLVED]

 Geography [ Paper-I] [ 3 hours Marks 250]


Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10*5=50)

(a) Describe the "Basket of eggs topography".

(b) Differentiate between insolation and temperature and explain anomalous temperature.

(c) Discuss Maritime Zones.

(d) Bring out the ecological significance of Tropical Rainforest Biome.

(e) Explain the hydro-meteorological hazards in the Himalayas.

Q2. (a) "In explaining the concept of "Pediplanation", King combined the ideas of Davis, Penk, and Wood with his own." Elaborate. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Give a reasoned account of how the impact of Global Warming differs from one part of the Earth to the other. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

Q3. (a) Discuss the significance of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and its core projects in the understanding of climate change. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(b) "The relationship between the winds and the currents is best seen in the Indian Ocean." Justify. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Write a critical note on the tendency of "use and throw" in the context of economic status and environment. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

Q4. (a) Bring out the various Ecological problems associated with the exploitation and use of oceans and their resources. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "Geological structure has a dominant control on landforms and is reflected on them." Discuss. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Describe Newbigin's scheme of Floristic regions of the world and explain the Mediterranean Floristic region. ( 150 words, 15 marks)


Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10 *5=50Marks)

(a) "Areal Differentiation forms the core theme in Geography." Explain.

(b) Explain "Isodapane".

(c) Discuss the major characteristics of "CBD".

(d) Elaborate on the idea of "Compage".

(e) Discuss the application of the Gravity model in Geographical studies.

Q6. (a) Trace the origin and progress of the Quantitative Revolution in Geography and bring out its merits and demerits. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Discuss the role of the site in determining the types and patterns of rural settlements. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(c) What is a "region"? Describe the "Thiessen" polygon method of regional delimitation. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

Q7. (a) Describe the regional pattern of Life Expectancy in the world and bring out the challenges faced by developing countries due to increasing life expectancy. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Discuss the relevance of "Stop and Go Determinism" in the present-day context. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(c) Define and differentiate between boundaries and frontiers. Describe the geometrical boundaries with suitable examples. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

Q8. (a) Give a critical account of Losch's theory of central places. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "Linkages between resource-endowed regions and resources-utilizing regions determine the pattern of international trade." Elaborate with suitable examples. ( 150 words, 15 marks)

(c) In what ways can geographers contribute towards optional land use planning in a region? ( 150 words, 15 marks)

Geography[Paper-II] [ 3hours 250 Marks]


1. (a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of three locations whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry:

(i) Pir Panjal Range (पीर पंजाल पर्वतश्रेणी )

(ii) River Indravati (इंद्रावती नदी )

(iii) Nathu La Pass (नाथू ला दर्रा )

(iv) Jog Falls (जोग जलप्रपात )

(v) Pulicat Lake (पुलिकट झील)

(vi) Kudankulam (कुडनकुलम)

(vii) Nalanda  (नालंदा )

(viii) Kudremukh (कुद्रेमुख )

(ix) Headquarters of N-E Railway (पूर्वोत्तर रेलवे का मुख्यालय)

(x) Farakka Barrage ( फरक्का बैराज)

(b) Explain the shifting of river courses and river capturing in the Himalayas. ( 150 words, 10 marks)

(c) Mention of space relationship of India with neighboring countries. ( 150 words, 10 marks)

(d) Define agricultural intensity and bring out its regional distribution in India. ( 150 words, 10 marks)


2. (a) Discuss the role of the spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India, especially with reference to Stamp's climate regionalization. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Describe the flood-prone areas and their management problems in the Ganga Plains. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Explain the New Industrial Policies in India. (200 words, 15 marks)

3. (a) Identify the importance of biotic resource regions of India and highlight their problems. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Point out the ethnic disparities in N-E India. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Given an account of the development of renewable resources in India. (200 words, 15 marks)

4. (a) Bring out the development of river water transport in India and its role in regional development. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Explain the impact of economic development on environmental degradation in India. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Describe the distribution of black soils in India and their specific use for agriculture. (200 words, 15 marks)


5. For Question nos. 5(a) to 5(e), write on each in about 150 words: (10* 5=50 Marks)

(a) Discuss the factors influencing the distribution of sex ratio in India.

(b) "The Bokaro Iron and Steel Plant is an example of an Industrial Complex." Explain.

(c) How do slums develop? Give concrete suggestions for their improvement. 

(d) Explain the role of India in the geopolitics of South Asia.

(e) Analyze the pattern of India's trade with the S-E Asian countries.

6. (a) Present a comparative analysis of geographical factors responsible for the distribution of human settlements in the Rajasthan desert and North-Eastern regions of India. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Explain with suitable examples the role of road transport in agricultural development in India. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Evaluate the impact of technology on resource utilization in India. (200 words, 15 marks)

7. (a) Analyze the location, distributional pattern, and problems of cotton textile industries in India. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Describe the major tribal regions of India and their problems. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Examine the causes of regional disparities in economic development in India. (200 words, 15 marks)

8. (a) Describe the causes and effects of urbanization in India and explain its impact on the rural landscape and urban ecology. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "India has paid heavily for the achievement of Green Revolution in the form of economic, social, and ecological cost." Discuss. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Explain the origin, dimensions, and implications of the Sino-Indian border dispute.(200 words, 15 marks) 

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