Search Post on this Blog

UPSC 2015 Geography Optional Question Paper[ SOLVED]

  Geography [ Paper-I] [ 3 hours Marks 250]


Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10 *5=50 Marks)

(a) Attempt a classification of geomorphic processes from the zonal point of view.

(b) Discuss how frontogenesis contributes to weather instability.

(c) Describe the characteristics of different types of pelagic deposits.

(d) Explain the characteristics of ecological succession.

(e) Comment on the impact of environmental education on quality of life.

Q2. (a) Discuss the contributions of the American School of Subaerial Denudation in geomorphology. ( 250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) What is Potential Evapotranspiration? Explain how it is used in assessing the water balance in an area. (200 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Discuss the methods of conserving biodiversity for sustainable development. (200 words, 15 Marks)

Q3. (a) Discuss the basis of Koppen's climatic classification. Bring out the salient characteristics of the 'Cs' type of climate. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) Explain with examples how channel dynamics have been responsible for the development of alluvial fans and cones. (200 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Classify soils based on their zonal distribution and describe the characteristics of pedocals. (200 words, 15 Marks)

Q4. (a) Explain the different stages of ecological adaptation of man and bring out the changing balance between man and the environment. (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) "Present-day landforms bear more complexity than simplicity." Elucidate. (200 words, 15 Marks)

(c) Explain the meridional circulation of the atmosphere and its importance in world climate. (200 words, 15 Marks)


Q5.  Answer the following in about 150 words each: (10*5=50)

(a) "The welfare face of geography makes it an inter-disciplinary subject." Elaborate.

(b) "Energy mix is a step towards sustainability." Discuss.

(c) Discuss Nelson's method of functional classification of towns.

(d) "Marx's view on population is more humanistic." Comment.

(e) "Development planning has a component of environmental cost." Discuss.

Q6. (a) "Regional synthesis is the crux of geographical studies." Elaborate. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "Man-induced famines are becoming more common than nature-induced ones." Comment. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Critically examine the theories on population migration. (200 words, 15 marks)


Q7. (a) Discuss the relevance of Von Thunen's model on agricultural location in the contemporary context. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "Cultural regions are the most suited units to study the diversity of an area." Comment. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Discuss the approaches to the study of behavioral geography. (200 words, 15 marks)

Q8. (a) "There is a rejuvenation of environmentalism as a paradigm in geographical studies." Comment. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) "Geographical traits lead to regional imbalance." Examine. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) "Vital statistics are necessary ingredients for development planning." Elaborate. (200 words, 15 marks)

Geography[ Paper-II] [ 3hours 250 marks]


1. Answer all the following. The word limit for (b),(c),(d),(e) has been indicated in the parenthesis:

(a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of three locations whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 *5=10)

(i) Tharangambadi (तरंगमबाडी )

(ii) Namcha Barwa (नामचा बरवा )

(iii) Narcodam (नारकोडम )

(iv) Khajjiar (खज्जियर )

(vi) Chunchanakatte (चुंचनकट)


(b) Why does the pharmaceutical industry concentrate largely in the western region of the country? ( 150 words, 10 marks)

(c) Explain the pattern of winter rainfall in India. ( 150 words, 10 marks)

(d) Discuss the relationship of the watershed approach to village-level planning. ( 150 words, 10 marks)

(e) How does natural vegetation affect the formation of in situ soils? ( 150 words, 10 marks)

2. (a) Account for the geographical distribution of groundwater resources in India. How serious is its depletion in recent decades? (250 words, 20 Marks)

(b) Why is the traditional crafts industry in India on the decline? ( 200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Explain how the modernization of Indian agriculture is affected by unfavorable institutional factors with suitable examples. ( 200 words, 15 marks)

3. (a) Distinguish between "agricultural productivity" and "agricultural efficiency", and bring out the disparity in regional distribution of agricultural efficiency. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) With the help of a map, indicate the principal areas of dryland farming in the country and account for farmers' suicides mainly in those areas. ( 200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Evaluate the contribution of Communication and Information Technology to the development of the economy and society, and examine the relevance of the recently launched "Digital India" program. ( 200 words, 15 marks)

4. (a) Account for the growing frequency and intensity of floods in India and suggest short-and long-term remedial measures indicating the chronically flood-prone areas. ( 250 words, 20 marks)

(b) How does climate change affect the process of desertification of India? ( 200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Discuss the scope of replication of the "White Revolution" in India. ( 200 words, 15 marks)


5.  Answer all the following. The word limit for (b),(c),(d),(e) has been indicated in the parenthesis:

(a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of three locations whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry: (2 *5=10)

(i) Nokrek

(ii) Gorakhnath Peak

(iii) Indrakiladri Peak

(iv) Polavaram

(v) Anaimudi

(b) "Age-sex pyramid is representative of the history of a region." Explain. (150 words, 10 marks)

(c) "Mono-functional towns are economically vulnerable." Discuss. (150 words, 10 marks)

(d) Explain how the change in land use can promote eco-development at different levels in the country. (150 words, 10 marks)

(e) Discuss the social and spatial ramifications of increasing longevity. (150 words, 10 marks)

6. (a) Decentralized planning through the strengthening of the Panchayat system is the focus of planning in India in recent times. Suggest a blueprint for an integrated regional development plan. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) In population planning, the thrust of the Government has been "planning the population" not "planning for the population". Elaborate. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Is planning for a cluster of villages a viable option, when planning for backward areas of the country? Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words, 15 marks)

7. (a) Reduction in regional disparities has been one of the priority goals of national planning in India. How the proposed new Smart Urban centers may contribute to the process?

(b) How has India's "Look East" policy taken shape in the past two decades and how it may affect India's external trade?

(c) Indian island territories are vulnerable to sea-level rise. Explain. (200 words, 15 marks)

8. (a) Discuss the concept of multi-level planning as practiced in India, and explain the implications of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in this respect. (250 words, 20 marks)

(b) Give a reasoned account of river water disputes related to the River Krishna. (200 words, 15 marks)

(c) Outline the Government of India's strategies for conservation of the Western Ghats. (200 words, 15 marks)

You may like the UPSC Geography optional paper solutions for the following years:

Next Post »