Agro Climatic Zones of Uttar Pradesh PCS

What is Agro-Climatic Zone;

  • As per the Food and agriculture organization(FAO)1983, Agro-Climatic Zone is a land unit that represents the major climate and growing period precisely.
  • Here growing period includes Kharif, Rabi, and Zaid. 

Basis of Divisions of Agro-Climatic Zones:

Both agriculture and Climatic variables are considered to make homogeneous regions for agriculture. The following variables:

Agriculture variables: 

  • Growing period
  • Soil Types

Climatic variables: 

  • Temperature
  • Rainfall

The followings are 9 Agro Climatic zones of Uttar Pradesh;

  • Bhabhar and Tarai, 
  • Western Plain
  • Central-Western Plain
  • SouthWestern Plain
  • Central Plain
  • Bundelkhand
  • North-Eastern Plain
  • Eastern Plain
  • Vindhyan region


Bhabhar and Tarai agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Saharanpur, Bahraich, Shravasti, etc.

Soil types:

  • Alluvial Clayey having medium phosphorus and medium to high potassium 

Rainfall: 

  • 100-115 cm annually

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, and Sugarcane.


Western Plain agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Rampur, Bijnour, Bagpat, Ghaziabad, etc.

Soil types: 

  • Sandy clay

Rainfall: 

  • 70 to 100 cm annually

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


Central-Western Plain agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Bareilly, Meerut, Baghpat, etc.

Soil types:

  • Alluvial sandy

Rainfall: 

  • 60 to 90 cm annually.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


SouthWestern Semi-arid agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Agra, Firozabad, Aliharh, Etawah, etc.

Soil types:

  • Sandy and alluvial clay.

Rainfall: 

  • 50 to 75 cm annual.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


Central Plain agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur, Shahjahanour, etc.

Soil types:

  • Alluvial clay

Rainfall: 

  • 75 to 100 cm.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


Bundelkhand agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Lalitpur, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Hamirpur, etc.

Soil types:

  • Red and black rocky soils, having poor organic matter.
  • Local name of soils in the Bundelkhand are Rakar, Parwa, Kabar, and Maar.

Rainfall: 

  • 75 to 100 cm.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


North-Eastern Plain agro-climatic zone

Districts:

  • Gorakhpur, Gonda, Deoria, Basti, etc.

Soil types:

  • Sandy and alluvial calcarius soils

Rainfall: 

  • 100 to 130 cm.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


Eastern Plain agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Azamgarh, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Varanasi, etc, 

Soil types: 

  • Alluvial clay soil.

Rainfall: 

  • 100 to 120 cm.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane


Vindhyan region agro-climatic zone:

Districts:

  • Mirzapur, Sonbhadra, etc.

Soil Types:

  • Black and red soil, having gravel with rich organic matter.

Major crops:

  • Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane
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